MSME Development ProgramMicro, Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (MSMEs) are the starting point of development in the economies towards industrialization. However, MSMEs have their significant effect on the income distribution, tax revenue, and employment, efficient utilization of resources and stability of family income. The contribution of MSMEs to employment, growth and sustainable development is now widely acknowledged. HPR nepal realizes the importance of MSME development programs for the betterment of living standard of general people and is actively involved in this sector.
Majority of the population in Nepal resides in rural and remote areas. There exists a conventional and traditional energy supply mechanism which needs to be enhanced. Forest-based biomass, agricultural residue and animal dung are the major energy sources for the rural population. The conversion of biomass waste into useful energy could provide a better alternative to the traditional source of energy. This would relieve the current strain on the forest resulting from cutting down of trees for fire wood requirements. Briquetting of biomass residues to produce solid fuel for energy is one of the best alternative methods of effectively reducing the consumption of the fire wood in the country.
2. Bottled Water Plant
Nepal is renowned as one of the richest country in terms of water resources. Bottled drinking water has a huge market in the country and abroad as its demand is increasing rapidly, provided that the water is of good quality. According to the survey of water quality, only one-third of bottled water brands registered under Department of Food Technology and Quality Control (DFTQC) that are available in the market are safe for drinking purpose. In present context, there is increase in tourism and home-stay business in the rural areas of Nepal. Due to the lack of easy access to the drinking water and lack of proper road access in the potential rural areas, there is a compulsion to transport the drinking water with huge cost. This in turn, has increased the monetary value of drinking water in these potential rural areas to a considerable amount. Thus, the establishment of bottled water plant in these potential rural areas could carry a good potential business opportunities.
3. Improved Aran
The Aran operated by blacksmith is used to manufacture the tools needed in the community. There is massive use of the fire wood, charcoal and hard labor. In the traditional Aran, the conventional tools (hammers, chisel, pitcher, etc ) are used which completely relies on human labor. Besides, the quality of products cannot be guaranteed consistently.
In improved Aran, the process involved in the cycle of the processing is reduced with the help of the technology of improved heating mechanism and the machines used. The technology is dependent on how much users understands steel and knows how to work it. The technology is widely used from making hinges for gates and cabinets to sickles, scythes, axes, rakes and hatchets.
In contrast with the traditional Aran, the improved Aran uses high tech part such as an electric fan to drive the forge, an electric grinder to get rid of hammer marks, make the handle -- block of wood or piece for horn and drill hole for tang using electric hand drill. The integration of technology in this context will ensure the increase in quality of outputs and simplify the work to a considerable amount.
4. Seed Processing
Production of any agricultural commodities depends on the quality of seeds used. Thus, seed processing is carried out to ensure better agricultural yield in terms of quality and quantity. Vegetable seeds have been identified as a high value; low volume product, the establishment of seed processing enterprises can address issues of both food security and self-sufficiency, as well as economic development of the country. Despite of blooming of vegetable farming all over Nepal and need for good quality seed, only half of the seed required are met by production within the country. The remaining half of the seed requirement is met mainly by imports from other countries like-India, Japan, Korea, Thailand and other countries. Further, the agro climatic variation of Nepal possess the potential to meet the internal and external market including Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and other countries.
5. Metallic Improved Cooking Stove (MICS)
The innovative design of Metallic Improved Cooking Stove (MICS) has ensured the less consumption of fuel wood, reduced cooking time, resulted in more efficient cooking process, provided space heating requirements in cold places, ensured smoke free kitchen and reduced numerous health hazards to a considerable amount in contrast with the traditional cooking stove.
MICS fabrication, supply and installation business is being popular day by day with good scope to generate employment mainly in Mid & High hills areas for local promoters (trained stove technician), stove/components manufacturers, hardware suppliers and, local dealers.
6. Ginger Processing
The agro-based industry can be established in the potential sites where Ginger is one of the high value crops. Its consumption is high in different purposes, thus the business of Ginger has high prospect in Nepal. The effective use of technology during raw-material processing would be highly productive for farmers. The use of appropriate drying technology and storage mechanism will be highly beneficial to farmers and the local businessman.
7. Concrete Hollow Block
The concrete hollow block has higher prospect of use in future with increasing price of clay burnt brick and CO2 (Carbon dioxide) saving potential as compared to brick masonry. Due to the lower cost of construction cost between NRs. 800/- to NRs. 1000, it saves the need of 25-30 % construction material and reduces the cost by 40% in labor. It can be produced locally by the use of simple and locally available technologies at the rural settings by the entrepreneurs.
8. Essential Oil Processing
There are more than 200 plant species in Nepal from which the essential oil can be extracted. Currently essential oils are being extracted for commercial trade from more than 20 plant species. Essential oils create opportunity for economic development of the country due to its multiple use potentials, such as in flavors, medicaments, cosmetics, perfumery, toiletries etc. The trade of essential oils is also supporting the national economy of the country. Essential oil yielding plants can be cultivated in all 75 districts of Nepal. Thus, processing of essential oil has high potential and sets perfect scenario to farm and produce essential oils.
9. Lift Irrigation
The irrigation facility is the foundation for the commercialization of agriculture. Not every arable land with the potential for agriculture has the availability of water for irrigation facility. Lift Irrigation is the method of irrigation that uses pump to lift the water from its source, collect in reservoir and distribute to the targeted locations. The primary focus is on irrigation; however it also has high potential to supplement multiple use of water such as drinking.
10. Soap Making
Nepal possesses numerous varieties of herbal and aromatic plants in diverse agro-climatic environments. In this regard, Nepal has huge income generating potential in terms of manufacturing and marking of the herbal soap products at national level as well in international market. Our production has not been able to meet the market demand in international level, therefore it has a great potential.
Completion of temporary Shelter (Aashrya) building in Gerkhu, Nuwakot
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